DMSO
Natural Remedies

DMSO Health Benefits, Dosage and Application Tips

| Modified on Jul 30, 2022
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DMSO for Pain, Wounds, Arthritis

DMSO, or dimethyl sulfoxide, has been used for many years by athletes to treat painful muscles and joints. DMSO builds up the white blood cells and increases immune production of migration inhibitory factors (MIF) by macrophages.

DMSO has been associated with a number of therapeutic benefits, such as for the healing of wounds; its use as an anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial, anti-viral, and anti-fungal; softens collagen, helps eliminate hydroxyl free radicals in the body, stimulates the immune system, increases interferon formation, reduces the number of platelet thrombi, and is a potent diuretic. DMSO skin remedies are useful in treating topical fungal infections.

DMSO Health Benefits

On this page, you will find hundreds of DMSO reviews from Earth Clinic readers dating back over the past 20 years!

Everything from how DMSO alleviated pain to DMSO for herpes.

Our readers have created a number of discussions over the use of DMSO for migraines, burns, hair loss, scars, wound treatment, muscle strain, and even for ticks. Check this page for a list of ailments treated with DMSO. Also do a sitewide search to discover many more ways DMSO has been used!

Where to Buy DMSO

Amazon sells a number of reputable DMSO products.

NO ODOR DMSO - Dimethyl sulfoxide liquid (3.4 Oz - 100ml), Pharmaceutical grade, High purity, Heiltropfen


DMSO Liquid Concentrate 99% Pure 16 fl. oz.


DMSO Dimethyl Sulfoxide Low Odor in Glass 8 oz Bottle 99.995% Pharma Grade


Let us know if you try DMSO for any of the ailments listed here, and especially if you know of a treatment that we do not yet have listed!




Acne

1 User Review
5 star (1) 
  100%


Posted by Jessi (Murrieta, Ca) on 12/06/2011
5 out of 5 stars

I have been using DMSO for acne and it's the only thing that has seemed to help reduce the inflammation and really help with my severe acne. It does make my skin very dry and flaky, but if I use an oil free moisturizer it seems ok.

I have been using the DMSO morning and night and I just roll it over my face before my other skin care products. There is a slight/mild tingle and stinging for about 5 mins. I am also using on top of the DMSO the Jan Marnin Bioglycolic Bioclear Lotion which I think is working well together with the DMSO. I'm not able to use Benzyol Peroxide because I am allergic to it, so the DMSO has been an amazing cure for my acne. I truly can't live with out it. If you are suffering from acne I would definitely recommend trying the DMSO. I use the roll on 70% DMSO 30% aloe or the 70% DMSO 30% distilled water. It's $10.00 on Amazon .:)

Replied by Gri Court
(Spain)
11/01/2017

hi,

I 'd be careful with DMSO when using typical skin care products which most of the time have ingredients one doesn't want in its system.

Replied by Riles
(Australia)
01/19/2018

DMSO is a good carrier Gri Court, that is why you should be careful.


Arthritis

Posted by Renee (Boston) on 05/14/2022

I put my 50/50 DMSO & distilled water into a 2 oz. glass bottle with sprayer and spray the areas I want to use it on. I then rub it in. I have been using it for 3 days this way with no irritation anywhere, including my hands that I don't wash after. I haven't noticed a ton of results yet but I think some minor benefits so far. I am also adding a pinch of Borax in my coffee in the morning. I had to take ibuprofen today because I couldn't walk on my swollen, inflamed feet. How long before I see more results? What is the average time for these protocols to work.


Arthritis, Cancer

2 User Reviews
5 star (2) 
  100%


Posted by Kenny (Minor Hill, TN) on 04/06/2021
5 out of 5 stars

I have been using and recommending DMSO for many years! It cured my arthritis, and has cured three people I know of cancer! Yes, even stage four cancer! DMSO is a miracle drug! I do not recommend drug to be taken for preventative reasons, but I think DMSO can even help to clean the arteries and heal the heart, as I have also lived with an irregular heartbeat all my life but I've noticed that after taking the DMSO for my arthritis my constant irregular heartbeat has also vanished and now only once in a while feel my heart out of rhythm and even them not as pronounced as before!

I've been an herbalist most of my life and DMSO and wild lettuce have impressed me more than anything else!

Replied by Sanja
(Ontario)
04/09/2021
3 posts

How do you take DMSO please?

Replied by Rebecca
(Cedar Hills, Utah)
04/09/2021

Hi! I have RA and I was wondering what your protocol for Arthritis is. Thank you so much. Do you eat it or rub it on the skin??? How much, etc.

Replied by Lou
(San Francisco, CA)
04/09/2021

I have few questions for you -

1. where do you buy DMSO?

2. what purity DMSO and type?

3. how do you take it? and how many times?

thank you

Replied by Rae
(Texas)
04/09/2021

Is there a brand you can recommend? I just had 3 MRI's and apparently I have arthritis in my back. I deliver mail so I need something that really works and I truly believe this could help.

Replied by cfitz
(georgia)
04/10/2021

Kenny: How would DMSO be used to treat arthritis - topically or internally; and what are the protocols?

Replied by Lonnette
(Orlando, Florida)
04/11/2021

Hello, great story. Can you tell us how you personally take your dmso? Do you drink it or rub it on your skin? Thank you .

Replied by Shirley
(Spain)
04/14/2021

Hi there, I have an irregular heartbeat and arthritis in the finger joint...

How would I take to DMSO to help these issues...orally? and what quantity. Do I mix it with something? I'm new to this product so any advise would help. Many Thanks.

Replied by Dori
(Mequon, WI)
04/18/2021

How was the dmso taken for the people with cancer? Pill form, liquid/paste? How about for arthritis? Thank you.

Replied by Michelle
(NSW)
04/20/2021

I have been taking DMSO and Vitamin C to treat Stage 1V cancer. It hasn't helped yet, but it's only been one month.

Any experience using DMSO and Colloidal Silver or Cesium Chloride?

amy
(MI)
05/11/2021
15 posts

Michelle,

First, I'm praying for your cancer reversal! Second, how are you taking the DMSO and Vitamin C? From my understanding, DMSO must be between 1-2% if taken orally to work. Externally must be diluted to 95-97% with distilled water to work...

Thank you!

Judy
(NSW)
04/23/2022

Hello Michelle.. I am hoping you are improving .. I read this post on 23rd April 2022.. Wanting to know where you bought your DMSO please?

Judy (nsw south coast)

Replied by amy
(MI)
05/11/2021
15 posts

Hello Kenny!

I have a friend with lung cancer, I am not sure what stage. She has been taking Rick Simpson Oil, but recent tests show new tumors and tumor growth. I once read a study showing Oil of Oregano killed lung cancer tumors AND encouraged new tissue regeneration. I am searching now for how to use DMSO with RSO or Oil of Oregano to help her... Can you please explain the protocol your friends with cancer used?

Thank you so much for sharing this!

Vicky
(NSW Australia)
08/29/2021

Tumors return because they're still in the bloodstream. Dr. Christopher (master herbalist) says. He has a 'blood stream' formula that cleans the bloodstream and a formula that cleans out the bowel too- so that all the c.a.n.c.e.r cells can be eliminated out. Type in herbal legacy Dr. christopher tumors.You'll see what he says there. Hope this helps- it's VITAL information.

Best to detox the whole system I'd say- liver and all.

Milan
(Singapore)
03/26/2022

Hi Amy,

There have been some reports of Albendazole and Mebendazole, over the counter human and animal anti-worming medications with a long history of use and generally considered safe being involved in complete remissions of lung cancer. Two cases in point include a man called Joe Tippens, who writes a blog about his experience at

https://www.mycancerstory.rocks//single-post/my-story-part-1-start-here and a case being treated by Care Oncology in the U.K. with Mebendazole.

Joe Tippens brought this medication to light when on the suggestion of his veterinarian started taking it to address his stage 4 terminal lung cancer with positive results. There are rumours online that he has passed but as far as I can tell he is still alive and active as he has recently added a new video on his blog at my cancer story rocks.

There is also information on Pubmed regarding these medications including discussions about safety and dosages including a clinical trial with Mebendazole with a range of glioma types that has been ongoing for almost 10 years, and now due to be completed in 2022 - 2023.

I hope this information reaches you in a timely way and assists you with what you are looking for,

Kind regards. :)

Replied by Rob
(Nj)
05/17/2021

Bad pain in hands and feet. Please help how to take DMSO and what's the protocol is internally and externally.

cfitz
(Georgia)
05/22/2021

Rob: See on the right side of screen a mini-menu which reads "DMSO Natural Remedies" it has the overview, editor's choice, and under popular conditions it has DMSO Application Tips, Multiple Cures and Back Pain.

I opened the application tips link in a separate window. There's a lot of info there.

v/r
cfitz

Replied by Gary
(GA)
06/06/2021

If you are going to take it internally, then the best way may be to try and diffuse it with any essential oil of your choice.

Diffusing goes right into the blood stream within one minute and crosses the BB barrier without losing potency through digestion.

If you want to take internally, then you can buy enteric coated capsules and put a drop into each. This ensures it survives digestion and opens about 20% the way down into the small intestine.

Now, I have not done this personally but I am trained as CNHP and Certified Aromatherapist.

I also own a business in Indonesia that produces Essential oils and know that diffusion is the quickest and most effective way to treat the over all body.

ORH
(TEN MILE , TN)
06/07/2021

GARY, ORH here, and again we have the blind leading the blind. My knowledge comes from Dr Jacob's books and he was the consultant to Crown Z, which did almost all of the R& D work. I worked for Crown Z in the '60s and with the supervisor of the CZ plant. Instead of speculating about DMSO, quote from Dr Jacob's books. Then, we are getting it straight from the horse's mouth. Besides, DMSO does not need anything to get into your body. You missed that a mile. You are right about bypassing your digestion system and the reason I use magnesium transdermally. I don't need an upset stomach.

====ORH====

Gary
(GA)
06/12/2021

I am not familiar with Dr. Jacobs's work, so I will look into his wisdom.

By not needing anything to get into the body, what are you referring to?

Aromatically is the fasted way for anything to enter the body.

Transdermally, your are fighting through 4 layers of skin, 5 on the palms and feet.

I do not see it as possible for the full dose to make it through the skin. Plus the constant uptake to keep the dose high enough to the area applied.

Thanks for the info on Jacobs and I will research it.

Replied by Gary
(Georgia)
06/27/2021

DMSO can not cure RA.

Alleviate the inflammation, yes.

RA is an autoimmune disease and the only way to remedy this is to test for the triggers (auto antibodies) and eliminate them to turn off the body attacking itself.

Cancer lies on the spectrum of AI disease.

You should be tested for it. AI shuts down the immune response and your body cannot fight cancer with the innate immune system.

Functional Medicine treats immunity issues as it relates to chronic disease.

Replied by Nichole
(Houston, Tx)
08/13/2021

Would love to know more and discuss how you treated your arthritis. Such as how much, how often, what worked, when it didn't. How often did you take a break?

Hope
(UT)
01/16/2022

Look at Boron connection to arthritis. Australian doctor was treating many patients with 2-4 weeks with 30mg of boron in 80s.

Replied by Jim
(Laurel Springs NC)
10/31/2021

How do you use for cancer??? Tks

Replied by Stefanie
(Jonesboro, Ar)
02/06/2022
1 posts

Hello Kenny. I'm very interested in knowing how often you take DMSO for arthritis and if you take it with distilled water or with something else and would the dosage be the same for treating cancer? Also, I would love to learn more about wild lettuce and how it is used. Thanks so much for sharing.

Replied by Joy
(Plainview, MN)
02/08/2022

Hi, Can you tell me the protocol or recipe with DMSO for lung cancer? Thank you in advance.

Replied by Joy
(Plainview, Mn)
02/09/2022

Wondering if you know protocol or dosage for cancer? Lung abs liver, started out as gallbladder but has spread. Thank you

Replied by Tove
(Moorpark, California)
03/26/2022

I would like to learn more about DMSO. My husband was diagnosed with stage 4 pancreatic cancer 5 weeks ago. Do you add it to water? What would the dosage be?
Thanks so much🙏🏻

Art
(California)
03/26/2022
1336 posts

Tove,

Here is a link to a multitude of natural and near natural cancer treatments which should be very useful for you.

https://www.cancertutor.com/

To specifically search for DMSO and its dosing, use the search function in the upper right hand of the screen. Enter the search term, "DMSO" and it will take you to the appropriate pages. Good luck!

Art

Lilu
(Los Angeles)
03/27/2022

They said the same thing about my dad, nearly 2 years ago & they were rushing us to make a decision about starting treatment. We decided to leave alone that 'Huge Tumor' (which would only give him no more than 4-7 months' time) that they were so concerned about & guess what? once the regular enlarged prostate issues subsided (with a little help from healthy diet & natural remedies such as Frankincense ('Boswellia') it turned out to be NOTHING after all. It's a long story, can't get into it now but suffice it to say 1- The details alone would prove how much safer we are to leave some 'cancers' alone. And 2- Big-pharma/Medical Establishment makes lots of intentional & unintentional mistakes. ***One of the doctors even said he was gonna bleed to death unless he was rushed to surgery right then & there during one of our routine visits. You should've seen the scene he raised & the drama queen he turned into just because I questioned him a few good questions. Again, that was TWO years ago. ;) ***

Please, listen to this doctor. You will understand everything. Also, you'll learn about DMSO & all other natural solutions. On his youtube channel he's got 10000 of videos of him speaking to other holistic chiropractors on every health related issue.

BTW He's in Southern California.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tq3X27c1bTc&t=1825s

Betty
(CA)
03/26/2022

Some more research for you

Cancer News | Cancer News & Cancer Studies

It is called Jingfukang. It's a TCM showing lots of good results.

Replied by Kathleen
(ON)
04/10/2022

Hi Kenny ... I loved your comment here.I have cancer and wondering how to use DMSO?

Replied by Magi
(Satellite Beach Florida)
04/17/2022

Just wondering how did you take it

Replied by Jerry
(Miramar)
07/08/2022
18 posts
5 out of 5 stars

Hi...

How is it taken for cancer, ..

internally..topically..

and what dosages

Thank you in advance.


Asthma

1 User Review
5 star (1) 
  100%


Posted by Rob (South Africa) on 07/02/2022
5 out of 5 stars

My wife is on (10%-DMSO) and Colloidal-Silver through the Nebulizer.

We separately do 5ml (10%-DMSO) and then 5ml Colloidal.

Her terrible coughing has improved 90% within the first day.

She had Asthma as a child.


Bone Spur

2 User Reviews
5 star (1) 
  50%
1 star (1) 
  50%


Posted by Alicia (Abq., NM) on 09/22/2014
5 out of 5 stars

I've been suffering with a very large bone spur under my Achilles tendon on my heel. Every step feels like a knife stabbing me. I read about DMSO and bones spurs and decided to buy some. I got the gel 70% mixed with aloe vera. I've been putting it on for 2 days and I cannot believe the difference! I am thrilled! The only thing that bothers me is that when I put it on my heel, I have a tightness in my chest that I don't normally have. I take thyroid meds and am wondering if it is increasing the absorption. I also take several BP meds and I don't think it's bothered those. Has anyone else felt it has affected them in this way? And, should I dilute it with distilled water or what. I think this is really really effective and would like to continue using it but don't want to mess myself up.

Replied by Nick
(Muntinlupa, Philippines)
11/24/2014

DMSO is known to potentate other substances, such as drugs. The Blood pressure drugs will be much more effective in getting into the cells, and work better. I read a person could use up to 10 times less medication and get the same results. Make sure you don't take the BP meds at the same time you apply the DMSO. Make sure they are separated by 4 or more hours.

Blood Pressure drugs and DMSO should never be mixed together or taken with each other. The pressure will fall too low.

If you are brave enough, you could take 1/10th BP drug and DMSO and monitor BP to see what the effects are. You might even be able to stop taking the BP drugs all together with time and experience. Just be careful.

Replied by Jorge
(Redmond, Wa)
02/01/2015
1 out of 5 stars

Warning

DO NOT DO WHAT NICK SUGGESTED. First of all, taking your blood pressure medication with DMSO will cause the amount consumed to rapidly filter into your bloodstream, which may cause a precipitous drop in your blood pressure. Second of all, blood pressure medications are designed to reach a certain concentration in your blood for a given amount of time; even though it will be more rapidly absorbed, the final concentration, if you use 1/10th of a pill, will be 1/10th of normal. This is a bad idea all around.

Replied by Patty
(Pennsylvania)
10/24/2017

Alicia, I am on thyroid scripts also. I felt anxious first taking the DMSO but at the tine I had a dose of CBD oil in my system also. DMSO of what I have read states that you must be careful because the DMSO will increase the efficacy of the other meds that you are on. I cut my thryoid meds down to half the dose and so far everything is fine, in that respect. Think about that with your BP meds, if that may be better for you while on DMSO. Otherwise, it is like you are increasing your BP meds which may be harmful. Chest tightening is a concern that should not be taken lightly. I had that happen once when taking Imitrex a few years back and the dr took me off that med. I was not on DMSO back then so it had nothing to do with that. Good health to you!


Burns

4 User Reviews
5 star (4) 
  100%


Posted by Crystal (Abuja, Nigeria) on 07/26/2017
5 out of 5 stars

I used DMSO for third degree burns and it healed after one week without scars, Even hairs were preserved without keloids.

Replied by Robert Henry
(Ten Mile, Tn.)
07/27/2017
5 out of 5 stars

CRYSTAL,,,,,,,,, yep, DMSO is a miracle compound that I learned of first hand when I worked for CZ back in the 60's. At that time it was made in the CZ Bogalusa, La. paper mill. The Super was a friend of mine and related lots of stories about the employees that worked in that area. None ever had a cold or flu. Also, he related how DMSO cured steam burns to his wrists as you say in your post. Like the Good Book says, He has provided all you need.

======ORH=====


Burns
Posted by Pammy (Malibu, California, United States) on 07/03/2010
5 out of 5 stars

One of the most amazing treatments I have ever used is DMSO for burns. I have had serious burns and minor burns.

Usually I just open the container and slap a big tablespoon of DMSO on the burn. It is best to do it right away. I keep it on for about 1/2 hr. I keep a jar in my kitchen for the possibilities of getting burned at the stove. It takes the pain away immediately and the pain never comes back. You can apply a little each day for awhile, but I have not found that necessary. I wish every one knew about this as burns can be so painful. And the burns heal up nicely.

It is either Canada or Alaska that they use DMSO in ER for burns. Blessings to all. Pammy

Replied by Lolo
(Canada)
03/28/2018

Nope, not Canada. I was burned second degree on most of my right thigh. ER did not use DMSO.


Burns
Posted by Bill (Santa Ana, ca) on 09/03/2007
5 out of 5 stars

I burned my finger one day at home. I quickly grabbed the DMSO washed my finger, poured it over the finger. The pain and swelling stopped immediately. No subsequent problems. While winter hiking in the Sierras a girl in our group burned her hand on a hot stove. I applied the DMSO from my backpack. She came to me the next morning to say she had no distress at all from the burn.

I also used it on my mother's face when she fell on the cement smashing her glasses and nose. It moved the blood right out. The next day she had yellowing of the skin. Great stuff. I carry it everywhere.


Calcium Deposits

Posted by Leo (Camrose, Alberta Canada) on 05/23/2009

Does anyone have experience or information about massaging DMSO with enzymes to dissolve calcium deposits? There is a patent application on the web about that, at http://www.freepatentsonline.com/4250167.html?query=4250167&stemming=on, referencing DMSO and Papain, but has anyone experience with this? Thanks. Leo

Replied by Stuart
(Oklahoma)
12/07/2014

Leo,

Tested 1.0 ounce Papain dissolved into 4 ounce of DMSO gel (90%) applied topically over the spine.

Papain mix applies very sticky; must let it dry before you put on shirt, or it will glue together.

More over, the mix liquifies to a amber goo after two days. I will dispose the prepared mix, and just make 'just enough' mix for daily use. It smells bad when the mix ages.

I may recommend using a salt shaker and apply papain powder directly to DMSO applied to spinal axis.

Results after three days is still unknown. No issues, positive or negative; none is expected until about two weeks daily application.


Chronic Allergies

1 User Review
5 star (1) 
  100%


Posted by Deborah (La Honda, Ca) on 01/07/2012
5 out of 5 stars

I just wanted to state that I read a thread about some people in Australia taking a few drops of pure DMSO in a glass of purified water daily and decided to try it. I have pain from soft tissue damage from a few injuries and thought it might help. What I did not expect was that my cronic stuffy nasal passages from allergies would almost instantly clear! The first day it happened I did not attribute it to the DMSO but now after four straight days of being able to breathe fully within minutes of taking it; it is now clear there is no doubt. I have ordered the book recommended here and will see what else I can expect.


Deep Vein Thrombosis

1 User Review
5 star (1) 
  100%


Posted by Katzie (Calgary) on 01/02/2022
5 out of 5 stars

DMSO thins the blood, naturally. Way better than warfarin or coumadin. There are books on it by Naturopathic doctors and such, attesting to its healing qualities. Here is my experience:

Had a hard fall mostly on my shin, it hurt but I got up by myself and walked away as I had errands to do. Got home 2 hrs later, noticed my leg didn't hurt anymore and was surprised to see it had swollen to 1.5x its size! I did icepacks, elevation & acv/epsom salt soaks. I also applied DMSO 4x a day.

About a week later I was on a flight sitting beside a doctor, still swollen. He thought it could be DVT related and told me to see a Dr. Not wanting to take warfarin or coumadin, I stepped up the DMSO (rubbed on leg only) to every 2 hrs, and arranged to drink 3 or 4 750ml bottles of water one afternoon/night, and the next day my leg was back to almost-normal.

I have a good lymph system, I've been told. I wanted to open the dam sluices and get that excess water out! I peed alot that night. Only I could tell there was still a little swelling left at the ankle, which was gone soon after. I boarded my next flight the next day with no problem with my leg.

I haven't seen DMSO mentioned as a blood thinner, so I wanted to mention it is worth asking a Naturopath about and looking into on your own.

Best of Healing, everyone.


Dental Health, Heart Health, Anti-Aging

1 User Review
5 star (1) 
  100%


Posted by Art Jackson (Sg) on 07/19/2021
5 out of 5 stars

Keeping the circulatory system moving is a must -

If you gargle about a shot of DMSO it will help tighten loose teeth, saturate the gums with oxygen while destroying gingivitis bacterium lurking at the gum line & then after a few minutes of swishing "Swallow" Yup, clears the arteries slows or stops Alzheimer's & lots of other goodies Ted raves about - ask & he will tell. But then ya stink like Potato socks or rancid garlic.

Now follow the Borax Baking Soda regime (https://www.earthclinic.com/remedies/borax-baking-soda-benefits.html) & your sweat will smell like a freshly washed baby. Ok, maybe not but you won't stink like Road Kill either.


DMSO + Lugol's Iodine

3 User Reviews
5 star (2) 
  67%
(1) 
  33%


Posted by Cl503 (Oregon, United States) on 09/23/2014
5 out of 5 stars

DMSO and Lugol's Iodine: yea- I think.

After a detoxing bath filled with epsom salts and borax, I mixed some DSMO cream I had with iodine and applied it to my lower back, and then kind of smeared more iodine on my chest. It couldn't had been more than 3 droppers full of 2% lugols and within about 5 minutes I became aware of a slight pain which I realized was my thyroid. It kind of scared me, it didnt really hurt, it was just that I was very aware of it, and had never felt it before. Anyone else experience something like this? I know DSMO acts as a carrier and allows things to be absorbed, the whole blood brain barrier thing..?

Replied by B
(Nevada, US)
01/22/2015

You used a couple dropper fulls of 2%, that is a lot! Even after the chernoybl nuclear fallout in europe people close were told to take no more than 1-5 drops a day to protect their thyroids of lugols 2% by medical doctors.


DMSO + Lugol's Iodine
Posted by .A (Wind, Ont) on 09/22/2010
5 out of 5 stars

In reply to:

Posted by Jane (Hoddles Creek, Vic Australia) on 01/20/2010: Lugol's Iodine and DMSO - a couple of sprays on the skin once only I almost fainted 3 times that day at work and did not repeat the trial, as a nurse in home visits I didn't feel it was appropriate to faint on the job!

Yes, DMSO and Lugol's will do this but when applying this add sea salt internally and selenium and this will offset this.

Remember, the Dmso is carrying the Potassium in the system so it will lower blood pressure so you will need salt to balance it out and the selenium to regulate the iodine--I use this with an SKI/lugols I make with a 5% DMSO solution and noticed the same thing. You sleep deeply and rest like a baby but it can have a drowsy effect when not having salt.


DMSO + Lugol's Iodine
Posted by Jane (Hoddles Creek, Vic Australia) on 01/20/2010
0 out of 5 stars

Lugol's Iodine and DMSO - a couple of sprays on the skin once only I almost fainted 3 times that day at work and did not repeat the trial, as a nurse in home visits I didn't feel it was appropriate to faint on the job!



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