Maintain Muscle Mass as You Age: A Comprehensive Guide

on Apr 05, 2023| Modified on Apr 03, 2024
Protein powder for aging muscles.

The natural aging process often results in a decline in muscle mass and strength, which can significantly impact mobility, independence, and overall quality of life. In addition to limiting physical activity and making everyday tasks more difficult, age-related muscle loss can also lead to decreased metabolism, decreased bone density, and increased risk of falls and injuries.

However, incorporating the right nutritional supplements, protein powders, exercise routines, herbs, and home remedies into one's lifestyle can counteract these effects and maintain, or even improve, muscle health as we age.

This article explores various approaches to support aging muscles, from the best nutritional supplements and protein sources to targeted exercise programs, innovative devices, and traditional remedies. Whether you're looking to maintain or improve your current muscle mass, this comprehensive guide will provide practical tips and advice to achieve a stronger, more resilient body as you age.

Protein: The Top Consideration for Aging Muscles

As we age, the importance of protein for maintaining muscle health cannot be overstated. Sarcopenia, the gradual loss of muscle mass and strength, is a natural part of aging. However, consuming adequate amounts of protein can help mitigate the effects of sarcopenia and maintain overall muscle function.

Protein provides the essential amino acids to build and repair muscle tissue, support muscle synthesis, and reduce muscle breakdown. Higher protein intake, combined with regular resistance training, has been shown to preserve muscle mass and strength in older adults. Therefore, as you age, prioritizing protein in your diet is crucial for maintaining muscle health, reducing the risk of falls and injuries, and promoting independence and overall quality of life.

Below is a table outlining the recommended daily protein intake for different age groups. Please note that these are general guidelines and may vary depending on individual factors such as activity level, body composition, and health status.

Age Group Protein Requirement (grams per pound of body weight)
Infants (0-6 months) 0.68 grams/lb
Infants (7-12 months) 0.55 grams/lb
Children (1-3 years) 0.39 grams/lb
Children (4-8 years) 0.36 grams/lb
Children (9-13 years) 0.34 grams/lb
Teens (14-18 years, Males) 0.32 grams/lb
Teens (14-18 years, Females) 0.3 grams/lb
Adults (19-64 years, Males) 0.36 grams/lb
Adults (19-64 years, Females) 0.36 grams/lb
Older Adults (65+ years, Males) 0.45 grams/lb
Older Adults (65+ years, Females) 0.45 grams/lb

To determine your daily protein requirement, multiply your body weight in pounds by the protein requirement value given in the table for your age group. For example, if you're a 30-year-old female weighing 150 lbs, your daily protein requirement would be:

150 lbs x 0.36 grams/lb = 54 grams of protein per day

Protein Powder and Supplements for Aging Muscles

For individuals looking to boost their protein intake and support aging muscles, protein powders and supplements can be a convenient and effective solution. Here's an overview of some popular options to consider:

Whey Protein

Whey protein, derived from milk, is one of the most popular choices for maintaining muscle mass as it contains all nine essential amino acids and is quickly absorbed by the body. Studies have demonstrated its effectiveness in promoting muscle protein synthesis and reducing muscle loss in older adults. 1

Plant-Based Protein Powders

Plant-based protein powders such as pea, soy, and hemp can be valuable alternatives to whey protein for those who follow a vegetarian or vegan diet. These plant-based proteins also contain essential amino acids and have shown promise in supporting muscle health. 2


Creatine is a naturally occurring compound found in meat and fish that helps produce energy during high-intensity exercise. Supplementing with creatine has been shown to increase strength, power, and lean body mass in older adults. 3

Branched-Chain Amino Acids (BCAAs) 

BCAAs, consisting of leucine, isoleucine, and valine, play a crucial role in muscle protein synthesis. Studies have shown that BCAA supplementation can enhance muscle recovery and reduce muscle loss in older adults. 4

Exercise for Aging Muscles

Staying physically active is crucial for maintaining muscle health as we age. A combination of resistance training, aerobic exercise, and balance and flexibility training can help older adults preserve muscle mass, improve functionality, and reduce the risk of falls and injuries.

Here's an overview of the key components of an effective exercise program for aging muscles:

Resistance Training

Resistance training, which involves using weights, resistance bands, or body weight to create tension on the muscles, is one of the most effective ways to maintain and increase muscle mass in older adults. Studies have shown that resistance training can improve muscle strength, power, and overall functional ability in older adults. 5

Aerobic Exercise 

Aerobic exercises like walking, swimming, and cycling can also contribute to muscle health by improving cardiovascular fitness and endurance. Regular aerobic exercise has been linked to reduced muscle loss and improved physical function in older adults. 6

Balance and Flexibility Training 

Exercises focusing on balance and flexibility, such as yoga and tai chi, can help older adults maintain mobility, prevent falls, and reduce the risk of injury. These activities can complement resistance and aerobic training, creating a well-rounded exercise program. 7

Blood Flow Restriction for Muscle Growth

As we explore new and innovative approaches to maintaining and improving muscle health, Kaatsu training has gained attention as a promising blood flow restriction technique for enhancing muscle growth and strength. In this section, we will delve into the principles of Kaatsu training, its potential benefits and applications, and the distinctions between Kaatsu devices and elastic arm bands.

Kaatsu was first brought to our attention on Earth Clinic a few years ago by one of our long-time readers, ORH. Since then, we've had two years of experience training with Kaatsu and are thoroughly impressed with the results.

Kaatsu Training

Kaatsu, also known as blood flow restriction (BFR) training, is a unique training method developed in Japan by Dr. Yoshiaki Sato. The technique involves the application of an adjustable strap or cuff around the proximal part of a limb to partially restrict blood flow while performing low-intensity exercises. 8 This restriction creates a hypoxic environment in the muscles, causing them to work harder and stimulating muscle growth and strength gains, even with lighter loads.

Studies on Kaatsu Training

Numerous studies in Japan have investigated the effects of Kaatsu training on muscle mass and strength. A study by Abe et al. (2005) found that low-intensity Kaatsu training (20% of one-repetition maximum) significantly increased muscle size and strength in both young and older adults. 9

Another study by Yasuda et al. (2014) demonstrated that low-load resistance training with blood flow restriction effectively increased muscle size and strength in older adults, even those with sarcopenia. 10

Potential Benefits and Applications 

Kaatsu training has shown promising results for enhancing muscle mass and strength in various populations, including older adults, athletes, and those recovering from injuries. This method could be particularly beneficial for older adults who may be unable to perform high-intensity exercises due to physical limitations or medical conditions.

Arm Bands for Blood Flow Restriction 

As an alternative to Kaatsu devices, more affordable options like elastic arm bands or cuffs have become popular for blood flow restriction training. These arm bands can be easily adjusted to apply pressure and partially restrict blood flow in the limbs during low-intensity exercises. Although they may not offer the same level of precision and control as Kaatsu devices, these budget-friendly alternatives have shown promising results in enhancing muscle growth and strength.

Comparison with Kaatsu

The primary difference between Kaatsu devices and elastic arm bands lies in the level of control and customization. Kaatsu devices are specifically designed to provide a consistent and regulated amount of pressure to achieve optimal blood flow restriction. These devices often come with built-in pressure gauges, allowing users to precisely monitor and adjust the pressure. On the other hand, elastic arm bands rely on manual adjustments, making it more challenging to achieve consistent and accurate pressure levels.

Despite these differences, studies have shown that both Kaatsu devices and elastic arm bands can effectively induce muscle hypertrophy and strength gains when used with low-intensity resistance exercises. 11

While Kaatsu devices may offer more consistent and precise pressure adjustments, elastic arm bands can still provide a cost-effective and accessible option for those looking to incorporate blood flow restriction training into their exercise routines.

Precautions and Consultation 

Blood flow restriction may not be suitable for everyone, particularly those with cardiovascular or circulatory issues. Additionally, it is crucial to learn proper techniques and guidelines for using armbands or Kaatsu devices to ensure safety and effectiveness.

Innovative Devices for Maintaining Muscle Mass

In recent years, technology has played an increasingly significant role in helping individuals maintain and improve their muscle mass as they age. These innovative devices offer alternative or supplementary methods to traditional exercises and can be particularly beneficial for those with limited mobility or access to gym equipment.

Electrical Muscle Stimulation (EMS) Devices

EMS devices send electrical impulses to the muscles, causing them to contract involuntarily. Several studies have demonstrated the potential benefits of EMS for maintaining or increasing muscle mass and strength, particularly in individuals with limited mobility or during periods of immobilization. 12 

Whole-Body Vibration (WBV) Platforms

WBV platforms transmit vibrations to the body, activating muscle fibers and potentially increasing muscle strength and mass. Some studies have shown that WBV, combined with resistance training, can improve muscle mass and strength in older adults. 13

Wearable Resistance Equipment

This category includes devices like weighted vests, ankle weights, and wrist weights, which can be worn during regular activities or exercises to increase resistance and muscle activation. Studies have demonstrated that wearable resistance can enhance muscle strength and functional performance in older adults. 14  These devices can be particularly useful for individuals with limited access to traditional gym equipment.

Popular Herbs for Muscle Health and Recovery

Various herbs have been used for centuries to support muscle health, boost recovery, and enhance overall well-being. In this section, we will introduce some popular herbs that have been studied for their potential benefits on muscle recovery and performance, including turmeric, ashwagandha, panax ginseng, and rhodiola rosea.


Curcumin, the active compound in turmeric, possesses anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties that can support muscle recovery and overall health. Research has shown that curcumin supplementation can reduce inflammation and muscle soreness following exercise. 15


This adaptogenic herb has been used in Ayurvedic medicine for centuries to promote vitality and strength. Studies suggest that ashwagandha may enhance muscle strength and recovery by reducing stress, inflammation, and cortisol levels. 16

Panax Ginseng 

Panax ginseng, also known as Asian or Korean ginseng, has been shown to improve physical performance, reduce fatigue, and enhance muscle strength in older adults. 17

Rhodiola Rosea

This adaptogenic herb has been used traditionally to combat fatigue and enhance physical performance. Research indicates that Rhodiola Rosea may help reduce muscle damage and improve exercise performance. 18

Home Remedies and Lifestyle Tips for Muscle Health

Maintaining muscle health as we age involves more than just exercise and supplementation. Adopting certain home remedies and lifestyle habits can further support muscle function and overall well-being. This section will discuss the importance of hydration, sleep, massage, foam rolling, and a balanced diet for maintaining healthy muscles.


Staying well-hydrated is essential for maintaining muscle function, as dehydration can lead to muscle cramps, fatigue, and reduced performance. Older adults should aim to consume at least eight 8-ounce glasses of water daily. 19


Adequate sleep is crucial for muscle recovery and overall health. Older adults should aim for 7-9 hours of quality sleep each night to support muscle growth and repair. 20

Massage and Foam Rolling 

Regular massage and foam rolling can help reduce muscle tension, improve circulation, and support muscle recovery. 21

Balanced Diet

A balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean protein, and healthy fats can provide the nutrients necessary for maintaining muscle health and overall well-being.


In conclusion, preserving muscle mass as we age is vital for overall health, mobility, and quality of life. A well-rounded approach that includes dietary and lifestyle modifications is necessary. Prioritizing adequate protein intake, engaging in regular exercise, considering supplements and herbs, and employing natural remedies can all contribute to muscle health. Moreover, innovative devices and techniques, such as Kaatsu and other blood flow restriction methods, offer alternative ways to maintain and even build muscle mass. By implementing these strategies, individuals can better support their muscle health as they age, promoting a more active and fulfilling life.


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Posted by RB (Somehere in Europe) on 04/02/2024 84 posts

The above-quoted table gives us only the minimum daily requirements, and most other tables on protein requirements do the same.

Further, they do not even tell us that their table is no more than the minimum daily requirements.

In my experience, the usual issue is that, if you rely on tables like this one, you will likely slack off for a few days, sooner or later, and sarcopenia will occur, I.e. you will not be able to maintain your muscles at these low-low protein requirement levels.

Further, in my experience, if you ever decide to develop more muscles, your muscle development will be a significant challenge for you, too, unless you double or triple these numbers for protein requirements.

Posted by RB (Somehere in Europe) on 04/02/2024 84 posts

The above-quoted table gives us only the minimum daily requirements, and most other tables on protein requirements do the same.

Further, they do not even tell us that their table is no more than the minimum daily requirements.

In my experience, the usual issue is that, if you rely on tables like this one, you will likely slack off for a few days, sooner or later, and sarcopenia will occur, I.e. you will not be able to maintain your muscles at these low-low protein requirement levels.

Further, in my experience, if you ever decide to develop more muscles, your muscle development will be a significant challenge for you, too, unless you double or triple these numbers for protein requirements.

Protein Conversion to Ounces

1 User Review
5 star (1) 

Posted by Adrienne (ID) on 12/09/2023

When I convert the recommended grams for my age group, the last one, to ounces, I get 2! That means I should eat 2 ounces of protein per day. I think I can handle that! :-)