Mineral accumulation in the kidneys can result in kidney stones (renal calculi) and a condition called nephrolithiasis. These crystalline, solidified masses of calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, and other minerals can hang around harmlessly within the organs, but if they descend into the ureters then painful urination, blockage, and bleeding may result. Dogs and cats are only rarely afflicted with kidney stones, though when they are they are unlikely to indicate pain or any other symptoms, unless the condition is severe enough to result in blood in the urine; however the owner should watch for signs of painful urination.
A urinary tract infection (UTI) may be the root cause of a pet's kidney stones, but poor diet, excessively alkaline urine, and age-related factors are just as likely. Changes in diet, increased hydration, and some natural dietary supplements can provide a natural remedy to this condition and offer your pet relief from kidney stone pain. Unless a complete urinary blockage is present, the first step in treatment is always to increase liquid intake to increase urination and decrease the amount of time minerals can crystallize in the kidneys.
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