A condition that can have a number of negative effects on an individual’s overall health, Peyronie's disease involves the development of fibrous scar tissue inside the penis. This scar tissue causes a curvature in the penis, making erections difficult and even painful. While it is not entirely unusual for a man to have a curved erection, a man affected by Peyronie's disease experiences a significant bend typically associated by pain.
The onset of symptoms associated with Peyronie's disease may appear suddenly or may develop gradually. In any case, the most common symptoms include scar tissue that can be felt under the skin as flat lumps or a band of hard tissue, a significant bend to the penis, problems with erection, shortening of the penis, pain during an erection, orgasm, or anytime the penis is touched. Additionally, Peyronie's disease may prevent a man from having sex and cause stress and anxiety.
The exact cause of Peyronie's disease is not completely understood; however, a number of influencing factors have been identified. Researchers believe that Peyronie's disease is generally associated with the rupturing of tiny blood vessels in the penis, commonly caused by sex, athletic activity, or an accident. As the body heals, blood cells and other cells collect at the site and get stuck causing the development of scar tissue. Inherited traits may also be involved in the development of Peyronie's disease.